Le port du voile lors des examens du Barreau brésilien : L’interdiction prend fin

Il y a un mois, j’ai publié un article sur Charlyane de Souza, une étudiante de la cinquième année de droit qui a été empêchée de passer les examens du Barreau du Brésil en portant le voile musulman.

Hier, l’entité qui regroupe les avocats du pays a annoncé une modification du règlement sur les examens. Les étudiants et étudiantes pourront dorénavant porter des symboles religieux pendant la réalisation des évaluations. Selon Me Marcus Vinicius, président du Barreau, les avocats ont l’obligation de respecter la pluralité et le principe constitutionnel de la dignité de la personne humaine.

L’étudiante a été victime de discrimination lorsqu’elle s’est présentée au Barreau de Sao Paulo pour passer les examens nécessaires pour l’accès à la profession d’avocat. Elle portait le hijab, ce qui contrevenait à une disposition qui interdisait le port de chapeaux, de casquettes et d’autres objets lors des évaluations.

Charlyane s’est dite heureuse que le Barreau annonce cette modification. « C’est une victoire de la communauté musulmane », a-t-elle dit.

Le conflit au Yémen sous la loupe du Haut-Commissariat aux droits de l’homme de l’ONU

La guerre civile yéménite se montre de plus en plus sanglante. Depuis le mois de mars 2015, presque quatre centaines de civils ont été tuées, parmi eux 84 enfants et 25 femmes. Des dizaines de bâtiments publics, tels que des écoles et des hôpitaux, ont été endommagés à cause de frappes aériennes. Plus récemment, les combats de rue se sont intensifiés, ce qui pourra faire augmenter le nombre de victimes.

Cette semaine, le Haut-Commissariat aux droits de l’homme des Nations Unies a rappelé les parties que les attaques contre la population civile doivent faire l’objet d’une enquête et que les droits internationaux concernant la protection de l’homme doivent être respectés dans la conduite des hostilités. Il a également prévenu que les attaques qui visent directement les civils plutôt que les combattants constituent un crime de guerre.

Débuté en août 2014, le conflit oppose la communauté chiite houthis au gouvernement d’Abd Rabo Mansour Hadi. Le lourd bilan de civils tués et blessés ainsi que l’endommagement des infrastructures du pays font preuve de la violence des combats. L’Arabie Saoudite et L’Iran se sont impliqués dans la dispute, ce qui constitue un motif additionnel pour que l’ONU soit encore plus vigilante.

Jakarta paye le prix?

Le gouvernement de Joko Widodo a protesté hier contre la décapitation d’une citoyenne indonésienne condamnée en Arabie Saoudite pour le meurtre de son employeur. L’exécution de Sitti Zeineb a eu lieu à Médina mardi dernier.

Selon la lettre de protestation de la diplomatie de l’Indonésie, qui a été suivie de la convocation de l’ambassadeur saoudien à Jakarta, ni la famille de Zeineb ni l’ambassade indonésienne n’ont pas été préalablement informées de la date de l’exécution. Les autorités indonésiennes, qui ont récemment condamné et exécuté des prisonniers étrangers, ont en vain fait appel à la miséricorde en faveur de sa citoyenne.

Le quotidien The Jakarta Globe affirme que l’Indonésie a perdu la morale pour y demander clémence et note que le pays paye le prix de sa politique de sécurité basée sur la peine de mort. Il y a actuellement 229 indonésiens condamnés à l’étranger, notamment en Malaisie et en Arabie Saoudite.

Sources :
http://www.bbc.co.uk/portuguese/noticias/2015/04/150415_indonesia_enforcada_hb

Police and protesters continue to clash as Quebec heats up for anti-austerity spring

Over the past several weeks, Quebec has seen the start of what is planned to be a spring season of action against austerity measures in the province. A number of recent incidents have seen aggressive police tactics ending in arrests and injuries to citizens.

On March 26, a Quebec City police officer shot student Naomi Tremblay-Trudeau in the face at point-blank range with a tear gas canister during a protest. Tremblay-Trudeau sustained non-life threatening injuries and burns to her face and mouth and has reportedly served police with a claim for damages and an apology. On April 2, a massive march in Montreal, estimated at around 80,000 people, saw police firing tear gas canisters and corralling protestors as citizens and police confronted one another again. Other smaller protests have occurred at different times throughout the last several weeks, with participants recounting stories of police violence such as the use of tear gas, pepper spray, corralling, and physical brutality.

Many student associations across Quebec are participating by going on strike, which can also involve picketing school buildings and disrupting classes if professors continue to teach during the strike. After students disrupted classes on April 8, the Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM) called police, who arrested 22 of its students arrested on campus.

More information about the spring’s upcoming protests, student strikes and participating groups and associations can be found on the Printemps 2015 website or Facebook group.

 

 

 

Malvinas War Soldiers to Take Torture Case to IACHR

Soldiers who fought in Malvinas war in 1982 will attempt to seek redress for the torture they suffered during the way. This comes after last month’s Argentinian Supreme Court decision that they will not be examining the alleged claims of torture suffered by Argentine soldiers at the hands of their senior officers while they were serving on the islands during the Malvinas conflict. Read the rest of this entry »

Linguistically separate school buses draw criticism in NB

New Brunswick Education Minister Serge Rouselle was reported last week to have requested the end of shared school buses in New Brunswick, that is, shared between Anglophone and Francophone students in the province.

The New Brunswick provincial budget announced today highlighted the desire of the New Brunswick government to reel in spending and raise higher revenues for the province, and at least one family in Kent County has expressed a desire to continue with the shared bus structure.

Jason Lawson’s daughter attends school at a Francophone school in Saint-Louis de Kent, and he says that his daughter Alisha has had the opportunity to make new friends on the shared buses. He also suggested that he has noted Department of Education budget shortfalls, and that perhaps the department should be concerned with keeping the buses full.

Read more on the New Brunswick budget here and on the shared school buses here.

Figueiras v. Toronto

Une décision très intéressante vient d’être rendue quant aux pouvoirs qu’est accordé aux corps policiers dans la common law vis à vis les droits et libertés des individus.

À mon sens, il s’agît d’un jugement tout particulièrement pertinent pour le Québec qui vit présentement dans un contexte de manifestations sociales.

 

Nova Scotia Barristers’ Society to appeal decision in TWU matter

The Nova Scotia Barristers’ Society has decided to appeal the Nova Scotia Supreme Court’s decision in the Trinity Western law school matter. Justice Campbell of Nova Scotia’s Supreme Court held that the Society acted unreasonably and beyond its authority when it decided not to recognize law degrees granted by TWU’s proposed law school unless the institution changed its policy prohibiting same-sex intimacy among students.

NSBS President Tilly Pillay QC explained that “if left unchallenged, [Justice Campbell’s] ruling may significantly restrict the scope of the Society’s authority to uphold and protect the public interest in regulating the legal profession. It may also prohibit the Society from continuing to take on a wider role in the promotion of equality in all aspects of its work, including in the administration of justice.”

Before Justice Campbell, counsel for the Society argued that, as a public interest regulator with a mandate to promote equality and diversity, the Society could not sanction a law school admissions policy that, in effect, requires “students to denounce their constitutionally protected sexual orientation in exchange for a law degree.”

To read Justice Campbell’s decision, click here. To read the Society’s press release announcing its appeal, click here.

Disrespect for Communities and InSite: Bill C-2

Bill C-2, The Respect for Communities Act had it second reading in the Senate as of March 24th 2015. The Bill amends the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act to: create a separate exemption regime for activities involving the use of a controlled substance; to specify the purposes for which an exemption may be granted for those activities; and to set out the information that must be submitted to the Minister of Health before the Minister may consider an application for an exemption in relation to a supervised consumption site.

Read the rest of this entry »

Data retention law entrenches “passive surveillance”

The Australian Coalition Government and Labor Opposition joined forces to pass mandatory data retention laws Thursday morning.

The Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 was introduced to assist authorities in combating terrorism and investigating serious crimes.

The Bill requires telecommunications companies to retain clients’ metadata for two years. For the purposes of the Bill, metadata includes phone numbers, length of phone calls, email addresses, and the time messages were sent, while specifically excluding the content of the phone calls and messages, as well as internet browsing history.

While the Senate passed the Bill with 43 votes in favour and 16 against, critics claim that the Bill fails to strike the appropriate balance between safety and privacy. Greens Senator, Scott Ludlam, derided the Bill for “entrench[ing] a form of passive surveillance over 23 million Australians.”  Similarly, Nick Xenophon, an Independent Senator, argued the law would have a “suffocating effect on press freedom.”

Telecommunications companies and internet service providers have until 2017 to implement the new laws.

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Bienvenue au blog de la veille sur les droits et libertés!

…a joint project of CCLA and Pro Bono Students Canada… un projet de l’association canadienne des libertés civiles et Pro Bono Students Canada…

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